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Feed hygiene for farmers & growers

The hygiene of feed production and record keeping are critical to the traceability of feeding stuffs

This guidance is for England

EU Regulation (EC) No 183/2005 laying down requirements for feed hygiene is aimed at ensuring that controls throughout the feed chain are strengthened. In particular, it contains: 

The Regulation requires feed businesses to be approved or registered with their local authority.

In the guide

Who is covered?

With few exceptions the legislation applies to all feed businesses, which are defined as: 'any undertaking, whether for profit or not and whether public or private, carrying out any operation of production, manufacture, processing, storage, transport or distribution of feed including any producer producing, processing or storing feed for feeding to animals on his own holding'.

Examples include:

There was a transitional arrangement when the legislation was implemented that if any feed business, or other part of the business, was registered with an official scheme then it would not need to register again. For example, food businesses selling co-products for use as animal feed that were already registered under EU Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs, or farms registered under official schemes such as Organic Entry Level Stewardship or with other agencies such as the Rural Payments Agency (RPA). However, this no longer applies. All feed businesses need to apply for registration or approval, as appropriate, with their local authority under EU Regulation (EC) No 183/2005 (for exemptions see below).

Please see the attached:
Application form (Word 73KB)
Application form (PDF 83KB)
Approval and registration activities document (PDF 123KB)


There are some farm-related activities that fall outside of the scope of the legislation:

(With regard to the term 'small quantities of primary production', a working definition is less than 20 tonnes per annum.)

Conditions for feed businesses to which the legislation applies

The legislation contains various conditions that feed businesses have to comply with, as appropriate. These are split into three annexes, as follows:

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP)

The legislation requires feed businesses that fall within the scope of annex II to put in place and operate procedures based on the principles of HACCP. HACCP is a system of safety management based on the prevention of feed and food safety problems. It provides a documented, structured approach to ensuring food safety and places a requirement on businesses to identify, manage and control hazards inherent in the handling and production process.

Feed businesses involved in primary production or the feeding of livestock only will not be required to apply HACCP (excluding those that buy in and use feed additives or premixtures).

Definitions of feed additives and premixtures

'Feed additives' means substances, micro-organisms or preparations, other than feed material and premixtures, which are intentionally added to feed or water in order to perform, in particular, one or more of the following functions:

'Premixtures' means mixtures of feed additives or mixtures of one or more feed additives with feed materials or water used as carriers, not intended for direct feeding to animals.

Please note this guidance does not cover arrangements for the approval of premises, manufacturing, selling or using coccidiostats, histomonostats and growth promoters or the incorporation, distribution and use of veterinary medicines in premixtures and feedingstuffs, all of which are covered by separate legislation enforced by the Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) (01932 336911).

Key legislation

Please note

This information is intended for guidance; only the courts can give an authoritative interpretation of the law.

The guide's 'Key legislation' links may only show the original version of the legislation. Information on amendments to UK legislation can be found on each link's 'More Resources' tab; amendments to EU legislation are usually incorporated into the text. Amending legislation is linked to separately where it is directly related to the content of a guide.

Last reviewed/updated: October 2013


Medway Council, Trading Standards Team,
Gun Wharf, Dock Road, Chatham, Kent, ME4 4TR  

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